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La luna llena hace que las personas duerman menos

Los mitos sobre la luna llena deben ser tan antiguos como la especie, y tan virales como un tuit de Lady Gaga, pero al menos uno de ellos ha resultado finalmente cierto: que no deja dormir bien a la gente.

Con la luna llena, las ondas delta en el electroencefalograma —un indicador estándar del sueño profundo— se reducen 30%, se tarda cinco minutos más en conciliar el sueño y se duerme en total 20 minutos menos.

Por el momento sigue sin haber evidencias del hombre lobo. Si el lector es escéptico sobre el influjo de la luna llena, lo será aún más cuando sepa que los dos principales autores del trabajo, Christian Cajochen y Anna Wirz-Justice, trabajan en un tal Centro de Cronobiología de un hospital psiquiátrico suizo.

Pero lo cierto es que tanto el centro como el hospital forman parte de la prestigiosa Universidad de Basilea, y que los resultados se acaban de publicar en la revista Current Biology, una excelente publicación científica poco dada al género gótico.

La investigación ofrece, según los editores, «la primera evidencia científica» del efecto de la luna sobre el sueño humano. Cajochen y Wirz-Justice, en realidad, van más lejos en su artículo técnico y sostienen que su trabajo es la primera demostración científica de cualquier efecto de la luna sobre las personas, sea sobre el sueño o sobre cualquier otra cosa.

Estos científicos admiten algunas evidencias recientes de que los ciclos lunares afectan el comportamiento de ciertos organismos marinos, pero certifican que nunca se ha probado nada parecido en el ser humano. No, ni siquiera los ciclos menstruales. Y no, tampoco el hombre lobo.

Pero el influjo de la luna llena sobre el sueño ya se puede considerar apoyado por los hechos. «El ciclo lunar parece influir sobre el sueño humano», dice Cajochen, «incluso cuando el individuo no ve la luna y ni siquiera conoce cuál es la fase lunar en ese día».

El equipo ha hecho un gran esfuerzo por erradicar esos y otros sesgos de sus mediciones, y ha trabajado en doble ciego: ni los sujetos ni los investigadores sabían realmente de qué iba el estudio de Cajochen. Esto evitaba el efecto placebo y otros relacionados con cosas raras en que suele creer la gente.

Los científicos utilizaron a 33 voluntarios de dos grupos de edad, y les hicieron dormir en el laboratorio y les sometieron a una batería de aparatos y pruebas analíticas: registro electroencefalográfico, estructura del sueño, fases de movimientos rápidos de los ojos o de la falta de ellos y secreción de melatonina y cortisol, dos de las hormonas más relacionadas con el simple acto de dormir.

El trabajo parece minucioso y estadísticamente significativo. «Es la primera evidencia fiable de que un ritmo lunar puede modular la estructura del sueño en las condiciones altamente controladas de un protocolo de laboratorio circadiano y sin pistas sobre el tiempo», dicen Cajochen y sus colaboradores. El estudio pasó los controles de una revista científica revisada por pares, por lo cual es tomada con especial seriedad. (El País de Madrid)

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‘The Cave’ Filmmakers Offer Update of Director Feras Fayyad’s Visa Struggles

The two-time Oscar nominee was detained in Copenhagen by immigration police this week and handled with “unnecessary force.”
Feras Fayyad, the two-time Academy Award nominee behind Last Men in Aleppo and The Cave, has yet to be able to secure an extended U.S. visa — despite his recent Oscar nomination for best documentary and multiple other awards.

The Cave, distributed by National Geographic Documentary Films in the U.S., has earned the Syrian filmmaker universal acclaim, so has visa struggles have not gone unnoticed. This week alone, the TV Academy and the International Documentary Association were among the entertainment organizations that implored the State Department to grant Fayyad entry.

Still, efforts to get him to the U.S. have been unsuccessful. The Cave producer Sigrid Dyekjaer offered an update on his efforts during a Friday panel for The Cave at the Television Critics Association, saying that Fayyad had been detained by immigration police.

“Things escalated two nights ago when I got a phone call at 12.30 a.m,” said Dyekjaer. “Feras had been detained on his way into Copenhagen by immigration police. I rushed to the airport. Feras told me the police used unnecessary force in detaining him. The past month has been a lot for a man who has been imprisoned and tortured in Syria.”

Dyekjaer went on to say that Fayyad plans to go back to the U.S. Embassy in Copenhagen early next week to resume his efforts. She listed off a number of other entertainment organizations that have made petitions on his behalf.

Read the full statement below:

We were hoping that Feras Fayyad could be here with us today.

As has been widely reported, in December Feras was denied an extended U.S. visa by the U.S. Embassy in Copenhagen and has missed several industry events, including the IDA Awards and Cinema Eye Awards.

He has had quite the ordeal these past weeks.

While waiting on the U.S. Embassy in Copenhagen to grant him another appointment, Feras received news that his aunt’s house was bombed and his parents’ and childhood home was in the line of fire in Syria.

As the oldest of 10, he feels a great responsibility for his siblings and his parents. So, instead of continuing to wait on the embassy, Feras went to Turkey to be as close to his family as possible and help in any way he could.

The past few weeks for Feras have been filled with a lot of fear. A lot of anger. A lot of anxiety.

He remained in Turkey until two days ago, when we had positive indications the embassy was willing to revisit his case.

Feeling his family is out of immediate danger for now, Feras decided to return to Denmark.

However, things escalated two nights ago when I got a phone call at 12.30 a.m. Feras had been detained on his way into Copenhagen by immigration police.

I rushed to the airport. Feras told me the police used unnecessary force in detaining him. The past month has been a lot for a man who has been imprisoned and tortured in Syria, and whose family is under threat and has siblings spread all over Europe.

Feras was distraught, exhausted and felt discriminated against. The police eventually released him into my care.

 

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After this ordeal and given there was no way to get here by today, Feras is instead spending the weekend with his 5-year-old daughter – who hasn’t seen him in over six weeks.

Our next step is to go back to the embassy early next week and try again for the necessary visa so he can come to the U.S.

National Geographic has been communicating with the U.S. State Department, and we have had an overwhelming show of support from the documentary community and entertainment industry at large, including:

• The Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences
• The Television Academy & The National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences
• The Director’s Guild of America
• The International Documentary Association
• The Minister for Culture of Denmark
• The Danish Film Institute
• The association of Danish Film Directors

Feras is a filmmaker, but first and foremost he’s a Syrian. THE CAVE is a very personal film. It is dedicated to his seven sisters. To his daughter. To the unnamed women he witnessed being jailed and tortured in Syrian prisons because they’re women.

His voice is important and it deserves to be heard, now more than ever. After all, we are talking about a brilliant filmmaker who is now a two-time Academy Award nominee — and my dear friend.

Feras — and all of us — thank you all for your continued support.

 

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Shawn Levy’s 21 Laps in conformity with Produce Real-Life Soccer Drama ‘Shared Wisdom’

Kyle Patrick Alvarez will direct the true story about the 2017 Margaret Long Wisdom High School boys soccer team comprised completely of refugees.

Shawn Levy and his 21 Laps banner is teaming with Sight Unseen — the banner behind the Toronto International Film Festival title Bad Education — for the real-life soccer drama Shared Wisdom.

Based on an article written by Anna Katherine Clay — and described as being in the vein of Friday Night Lights and Hoosiers — the true story follows the 2017 Margaret Long Wisdom High School boys soccer team in Houston. Comprised completely of refugees from four different continents, most of whom didn’t speak English or one another’s language, the Wisdom High Generals went on to win the regional championship and make it all the way to the Texas state semifinals with a final season record of 24-2-3. www.thehollywoodunlocked.com/putlockers-hd-watch-bad-boys-for-life-2020-online-full-for-free

Head coach Fidel Andrade, an alum of Wisdom and war veteran, played a central role in bringing them together despite impossible challenges along the way. Throughout the season, players and their families had to face the threat of deportation, among other obstacles both personal and global.

Kyle Patrick Alvarez will direct Shared Wisdom from a script by Alan Fox.

Levy and Dan Cohen are producing the pic for 21 Laps, along with Eddie Vaisman and Julia Lebedev of Sight Unseen, which will also finance. Becca Edelman and Rachel Jacobs will oversee for each company, respectively.

21 Laps, repped by WME and Ziffren Brittenham, has such upcoming feature projects as the Levy-helmed Free Guy for Fox, due out July 3; Paramount’s Monster Problems; and the Netflix horror film There’s Someone Inside Your House. 

Sight Unseen, which is heading to the Sundance Film Festival with the Justin Simien feature Bad Hair, is repped by Endeavor Content and Paul Hastings.

Alvarez’s feature credits include Child of God and The Stanford Prison Experiment, and he most recently took over directorial duties on the second season of Amazon’s Homecoming. He is repped by UTA, Media Talent Group & attorney Gregg Gellman.

Fox, who has an untitled Charlie Chaplin feature which is set up at TriStar and Amy Pascal, is repped by Grandview.

 

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cuáles son los 41 automóviles más inseguros que se venden en México

Con el inicio de 2020 —sin entrar al debate sobre si empieza o no una nueva década— la conversación en el mundo de los autos a nivel global gira en torno a coches eléctricos, autónomos y conectados con la infraestructura. En México, sin embargo, antes tenemos una asignatura pendiente: la seguridad.

México vive un rezago importante en materia de seguridad en los autos. Recientemente se volvió obligatorio que los modelos que se incorporen al mercado incluyan bolsas de aire frontales y frenos ABS; en otras regiones del mundo, elementos como ABS, seis airbags, freno autónomo de emergencia y control de estabilidad son obligatorios desde hace años.

En México todavía hay tres modelos sin frenos ABS en sus versiones base: Hyundai Grand i10, Dodge Attitude y Nissan March.

El control electrónico de estabilidad (ESC) es un sistema que frena las llantas de manera selectiva para ayudarnos a mantener la trayectoria y evitar que el auto pierda el control en maniobras de emergencia. En Estados Unidos es obligatorio desde 2009 y en Europa se incluye en todos los autos desde 2014.

Latin NCAP, organización responsable de evaluar la seguridad en los autos de nuestra región, siempre hace una recomendación: nunca comprar autos sin control electrónico de estabilidad. Siguiendo su consejo, e independientemente de la evaluación de su estructura o el número de bolsas de aire, buscamos esos autos que Latin NCAP recomienda no comprar porque no llevan ESC.

BAIC D20

BAIC X25

Chevrolet Beat

Chevrolet Spark (transmisión manual)

Chevrolet Aveo LS y LT

Chevrolet Tornado

Chevrolet Cavalier LS (transmisión manual)

Chevrolet Trax LS

Dodge Neon SE y Sport

Dodge Attitude

Fiat Mobi

Fiat Uno

Fiat Palio Adventure

Honda Fit

Honda City

Hyundai Grand i10

JAC J4

Mitsubishi Mirage

Mitsubishi Mirage G4 GLX (transmisión manual)

Mitsubishi L200

Nissan March

Nissan V-Drive

Nissan Sentra 2019

Nissan NP300 (es opcional en toda la gama)

Peugeot 301 (Active gasolina)

RAM 700

Renault Logan

Renault Kwid

Renault Kangoo (Intens)

Renault Duster

Renault Oroch

Suzuki Swift GLS y GLX

Suzuki Ciaz

Suzuki Ignis

Suzuki Ertiga GLS

Toyota Avanza

Toyota Hilux

Volkswagen Gol

Volkswagen Polo

Volkswagen Vento

Volkswagen Saveiro

Fuente: NVI Noticias

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